Sustento Bibliográfico

AWAKE, es una aproximación experiencial que ha sintetizado e integrado los aportes de la ciencia, de muchos profesionales y de ciertas aproximaciones espirituales. A continuación, los libros e investigaciones en los que se sustenta:

  1. Abreu, R. R., Lunardi, R., Alves, J. & Marques, A. F. (2008). Prevalence of mouth breathing among children. J Pediatr, 84 (5).
  2. Aguilar, M., Villaizán, C. & Nieto, I. (2009). Frecuencia de hábitos orales factor etiológico de maloclusión en población escolar. Revista Latinoamericana de Ortodoncia y Odontopediatría.
  3. Akkoca, O., Oguz, H., Ünlü, C. E., Aydin, E., Ozdel, K. y Kavuzlu, A. (2020). Association between nasal obstruction symptoms and anxiety. Ear, Nose & Throath Journal, 99 (7), 448-452. doi: 10.1177/0145561319900747.
  4. Ancell, H. (1852). A treatise to tuberculosis: The constitutional origin of consumption and scrofula. Recovered from https://books.google.com.gt/books?id=e8M2VuxjrfUC
  5. Barja, A., Condori, L., Soto, M., Videz, M. & Zuleta, Y. (2014). Estudio del complejo orofacial en niños de las escuelas: U. E. Agustín Iturricha y la U.E. Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho del nivel primario ubicados en la ciudad de Sucre gestión “2009”. M. Solís (ed.) Ciencias de la Salud, Handbooks-©USFX- Sucre, Bolivia.
  6. Belli, J. F., Bacal, F., Bocchi E. A. & Guimaraes, G. V. (2011). Comportamiento del ergorreflejo en la insuficiencia cardíaca. Arq Bras Cardiol, 97 (2), 171-178.
  7. Bhaskar, L. Kharya, C., Deepak, K. K. & Kochupillai, V. (2017). Assesment fo cardiac autonomic tone following long Sudarshan kriya yoga in art of living practitioners. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 23 (9). 705-712.
  8. Blain, G., Smith, C., Henderson, K. & Dempsey, G. (2010). Peripheral chemoreceptors determine the respiratory sensitivity of central chemoreceptors to CO2. J Physiol, 588 (13), pp. 2455- 2471.
  9. Bohr, Chr., Hasselbalch, K. & Krogh, A. (1904). Concerning a biologically important relationship- The influence of the carbon dioxide content of blood on its oxygen binding. Skand. Arch. Physiol. 16, 401- 412.
  10. Bornemann, B. & Singer, T. (2016). Taking time to feel our body: steady increases in heartbeat perception accuracy and decreases in alexithymia over 9 months of contemplative mental training. Psychophysiology, 54: 469-482. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12790.
  11. Brewerton, T. D., Eyerman, J. E., Cappetta, P., & Mithoefer, M. C. (2011). Lont-termn Abstinence following holotropic breathwork as adjunctive treatment of substance use disorders and related psychiatric comorbidity. Int J Ment Addiction, 10, 453-459. Doi: 10.1007/s11469-011-9352-3.
  12. Brown, R. P. & Gerbarg, P. L. (2009). Yoga breathing, meditation, and longevity. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 1172, 54-62.
  13. Brulé D. (2017). Just Breathe: mastering breathwork for success in life, love, business, and beyond. New York: Enliven. ISBN: 978-1-5011-3438-8.
  14. Bouchard, S., Bernier, F., Bolvin, E., Morin, B y Robillard, G. (2012). Using biofeedback while immersed in a stressful videogame increases the effectiveness of stress management skills in soldiers. PLoS ONE, 7 (4), e36169.
  15. Bordoni, B. & Zanier, E. (2013). Anatomic connections of the diaphragm: influence of respiration on the body system. Journal of multidisciplinary healthcare, 6, 281- 291.
  16. Boyle, K., Olinick, J. & Lewis, C. (2010). The value of blowing up a balloon. North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 5 (3), pp. 179- 178.
  17. Buijze, G. A., de Jong, H. M. Y., Kox, M. van de Sande, M. G., van Schaardenburg, D., van Vugt, R. M., Popa, C. D., Pickkers, P. y Baeten, D. L. P. (2019). An add- on training program involving breathing exercises, cold exposure, and meditations attenuates inflammation and disease activity in axial spondylarthritis- a proof of concept trial. PLOS ONE; 14 (12), e0225749.
  18. Cancelliero-Gaiad, K. M., Ike, D., Pantoni, C. B. F., Borghi- Silva, A. & Costa, D. (2014). Respiratory pattern of diaphragmatic breathing and pilates breathing in COPD subjects. Braz J Phys Ther., 18 (4), 291-299.
  19. Carter, J., Gerbarg, P., Brown, R., Ware, R., D’Ambrosio, C., Anand, L., Dirlea, M., Vermani, M., & Katzman, M. (2013). Multi-Component Yoga Breath Program for Vietnam Veteran Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Randomized Controlled Trial. J Trauma Stress Disor Treat, 2:3. doi 10.4172/2324-8947.1000108
  20. Celhay, I., Cordova, R., Miralles, R., Meza, F., Erices, P., Barrientos, C. & Valenzuela, S. (2015). Effect of upper costal and costo-diaphragmatic breathing types on electromyographic activity of respiratory muscles. The Journal of craniomandibular & sleep practice, 33 (2).
  21. Chaitow, L. (2011). Chronic pelvic pain: pelvic floor problems, sacroiliac dysfunction and the trigger point connection. Journal of bodywork and movement, 11 (4), 327- 339.
  22. Chapman, E. B., Hansen- Honeycutt, J., Naspany, A., Baker, R. T. & May, J. (2016). A clinical guide to the assessment and treatment of breathing patterns disorders in the physically active: part 1. The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 11 (5).
  23. Chebbo, A., Tfaili, A. & Jones, S. F. (2011). Hypoventilation Syndromes. Med Clin N Am, 95, 1189- 1202.
  24. Chelidoni, O., Plans, D., Ponzo, S., Morelli, D. & Cropley, M. (2020). Exploring the effects of a brief biofeedback breathing session delivered through the biobased app in facilitating employee stress recovery: randomized experimental study. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth, 8 (iss. 19), e19412.
  25. Chen, Y., Huang, X., Chien, C. & Chen, J. (2017). The effectiveness of diaphragmatic breathing relaxation training for reducing anxiety. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 53, 329-336. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12184.
  26. Cherniack, R. M. & Snidal D. P. (1956). The effect of obstruction to breathing on the ventilatory response to CO2. J Clin Invest. 35 (11): 1286- 1290.
  27. CliftonSmith, T. & Rowley, J. (2011). Breathing pattern disorders and physiotherapy: inspiration for our profession. Physical therapy reviews, 16 (1), 75- 86. doi 10.1179/1743288X10Y.0000000025.
  28. Colgan, D. D., Christopher, M., Michael, P. & Wahbeh, H. (2016). The body scan and mindful breathing among veterans with PTSD: type of intervention moderates the relationship between changes in mindfulness and post- treatment depression. Mindfulness, 7: 372- 383.
  29. Consolo, K., Fusner, S. & Staib, S. (2008). Effects of diaphragmatic breathing on stress levels of nursing students. Teaching and Learning in Nursing, 3, 67-71. doi: 10.1016/j.teln.2007.10.003.
  30. Coo, C. & Salanova, M. (2017). Mindfulness can make you happy-and-productive: A mindfulness-controlled trial and its effects on happiness, work engagement and performance. J Happiness Stud, 19, 1691-1711. doi: 10.1007/s10902-017-9892-8
  31. Correa, E. C. R. & Bérzin, F. (2008). Mouth breathing syndrome: Cervical Muscles recruitment during nasal inspiration before and after respiratory postural exercises on Swiss ball. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 72, 1335- 1343. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2008.05.012.
  32. Courtney, R. (2008). Strengths, Weaknesses, and Possibilities of the Buteyko Breathing Method. Biofeedback, 36 (29), 59-63.
  33. Courtney, R., Cohen, M. & Reece, J. (2009). Comparison of the manual assessment of respiratory motion (MARM) and the hi lo breathing assessment in determining a simulated breathing pattern. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 12, 86- 91. doi: 10.10167j.ijosm.2008.10.002.
  34. Courtney, R. (2009). The functions of breathing and its dysfunctions and their relationship to breathing therapy. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 12, 78- 85. doi: 10.1016/j.ijosm.2009.04.002
  35. Courtney, R., van Dixhoorn, J., Greenwood, K. M. (2011). Medically unexplained dyspnea: partly moderated by dysfunctional (thoracic dominant) breathing pattern. Journal of As the, 48 (3), 259- 265.
  36. Courtney, R. (2017). So, what is the difference between functional and dysfunctional breathing? Recuperado de https://www.rosalbacourtney.com/so-what-is-the-difference-between-functional-and-dysfunctional-breathing/
  37. Cullen, M. & Brito, G. (2019) Mindfulness y equilibrio emocional: un programa de ocho semanas para mejorar la salud emocional y aumentar la resiliencia. Espana: Malaga. Editorial Sirio.
  38. Dana D. (2020). Polyvagal Exercises for Safety and Connection. New York. Norton and Company.
  39. De Lucena, E. G. P., Teixeira, L. F. M., Mendes, C. L., Castano, L. A. A., Rebullido, T. R. & Uchida, M. C. Hypopressive Exercise in Normotensive Young Women: A Case series. Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies.
  40. Demarzo, M., Garcia-Campayo, J. & Baños, R.M. (2016). Embodiment and body awareness in meditators. Mindfulness, 7 (6), 1297-1305. doi: 10.1007/s12671-016-0569-x.
  41. De Mayo, T., Miralles, R., Barrero, D., Bulboa, A. & Carvajal, D. (2005). Breathing type and body position effects on sternocleidomastoid and suprahyoid EMG activity. J Oral Rehabili., 32 (7), 487-494.
  42. Denotti, G., Ventura, S., Arena, O. y Fortini, A. (2014). Oral breathing: new early treatment protocol. Journal of Pediatric and Neonatal Individualized Medicine, 3 (1), e030108.
  43. Descartes, R. (1998). The Description of the Human Body and All Its Functions, those that do not depend on the Soul as well as those that do. And also, the principal cause of the formation of its parts. In Description of the Human Body. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511605727.009
  44. Desrosiers, A., Klemanski, D. & Nolen- Hoeksem, S. (2013). Mapping mindfulness facets onto dimensions of anxiety and depression. Behavior Therapy, 44: 373-384.
  45. Dispenza, J. (2017). Becoming supernatural: how common people are doing the uncommon. USA: Hay House.  ISBN: 978-1-4019-5309-6
  46. Dinesh, T. et al. (2013). Effect of 6 Weeks of Kapalabhati Pranayama Training on Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Young, Healthy, Volunteers. Sch. Acad. J. Biosci., 1 (4), 112-114.
  47. Divine, M. (2015). Unbeatable Mind: forging mental toughness. ISBN: 978-0-9861311-0-3
  48. Doty, J. R. (2016). Into the Magic Shop: A neurosurgeon´s true story of the life changing magic of compassion and mindfulness. London: Yellow Kite. ISBN: 9781444786200.
  49. Dunn, B. D., Galton, H. C., Morgan, R., Evans, D., Oliver, C., Moeyer, M., Cusack, R., Lawrence, A. D., & Dalgleish, T. (2010). Listening to your heart: How interoception shapes emotion experience and intuitive decision making. Psychological Science, 21 (12), 1835-1844. doi: 10.1177/0956797610389191
  50. Eaton, J. A., Bates, B. P. & Willard, F. H. (1991). Osteopathic Medicine. Orthopaedic Nursing,10 (1), 51- 55.
  51. Engström, G., Hedblad, B. & Janzon, L. (2006). Reduced lung function predicts increase fatality in future cardiac events. A population-based study. Journal of Internal Medicine, 260, 560-567.
  52. Feldman, G., Greeson, J. & Senville, J. (2010). Differential effects of mindful breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and loving kindness meditation on decetering and negative reactions to repetitive thoughts. Behav res Ther, 48 (10): 1002-1011. Doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2010.06.006.
  53. Ferretti, G., Costa, M., Moroni, R., Ranieri, P., Butti, F. & Sponsiello, N. (2012). Lung Volumes of extreme breath-hold divers. Sport Sci Health, 7: 55- 59.
  54. Finta, R., Nagy, E. & Bender, T. (2018). The effect of diaphragm training on lumbar stabilizer muscles: a new concept for improving segmental stability in the case of low back pain. Journal of Pian research, 11, 3031- 3045.
  55. Flanell, M. (2019). The athlete´s secret ingredient: the power of nasal breathing. EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, 8 (6), 471-475.
  56. Flores, M. G. & Uclés, V. (2018). Ejercicios Hipopresivos: prescripción, técnicas y efectividad. Revista Clínica de la Escuela de Medicina UCR- HSJD.
  57. García, B. E., Hibatulla, A. y Grau, L. B. (2016). Mouth breathing and its relationship to some oral and medical conditions: physio pathological mechanism involved. Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas, 15 (2), 200-212.
  58. Geisler, F. C. M., Kubiak, T., Siewert, K. & Weber, H. (2013). Cardiac vagal tone is associated with social engagement and self-regulation. Biological Psychology, 93, 279-286.
  59. Glomb, T.M., Duffy, M.K., Bono, J.Y., & Yang, T. (2011). Mindfulness at work. Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, 30, 115–157. doi: 10.1108/S0742-7301(2011)0000030005
  60. González, C., Rocher, A. & Zapata, P. (2003). Quimiorreceptores arteriales: mecanismos celulares y moleculares de las funciones adaptativas y homeostática del cuerpo carotídeo. Rev Neurol, 36 (3), pp. 239-254.
  61. Green, G., Emslie, C., O´neill, D., Hunt, K. y Walker, S. (2010). Exploring the ambiguities of masculinity in accounts of emotional distress in the military among young ex- servicemen. Social Science & Medicine, 71. 1480- 1488.
  62. Grof, S. y Grof, C. (2010). Holotropic Breathwork. A new approach to self-exploration and therapy.
  63. Grossman, D. y Christensen, L. (2012). Tactical breathing and the mechanics of the debriefing: separating the memory from the emotions. In Killology Research Group (3rd Ed.), On Combat: the psychology and physiology of deadly conflict in war and in peace. ISBN-13:978-0-9649-2056-9
  64. Grossman, E., Grossman, A., Schein, MH., Zimlichman, R., & Gavish, B. (2001). Breathing- control lowers blood pressure. Journal of Human Hypertension, 15, 263-268.
  65. Guerri, R. A., Carrero, C., Grana, D. R. & Milei, J. (2008). Efectos de la hipoxia en la interacción baroquimiorrefleja. Revista de la Federación Argentina de Cardiología, 37, pp. 130- 135.
  66. Gustafsson, L.E., Leone, A. M., Persson, M. G., Wiklund, N. P. & Moncada S. (1991). Endogenous nitric oxide is present in the exhaled air of rabbits, guinea pigs, and humans. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 181, 852- 857.
  67. Hakked, C. S., Balakrishnan, R. & Krishnamurthy, M. N. (2017). Yogic Practices improve lung functions of competitive young swimmers. Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, 8, 99-104.
  68. Hanley, A., Menhling, W. & Garland, E. (2017). Holding the body in mind: interoceptive awareness, dispositional mindfulness and phsychological wll-being. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 99, 13-20. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2017.05.014.
  69. Hanvold, T. N. et al. (2013). The effect of work-related sustained trapezius muscle activity on the development of neck and shoulder pain among young adults. Scand J Work Environ Health.
  70. Hayes, S. C. (2019). A liberated Mind: How to pivot toward what matters.
  71. Hayes, S. C., Strosahl, K. & Wilson, K. G. (2015). Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso: Proceso y práctica del cambio consciente.
  72. Herulf, M., Lundberg, J. O. N. & Weitzberg, E. (1999). Nostril widening improves arterial oxygenation: a role for nasal nitric oxide. Respiratory medicine, 93, 134-135.
  73. Hides, J. et al. (2006). An MRI Investigation Into the Function of the Transversus Abdominis Muscle During “Drawing-In” of the Abdominal Wall. SPINE, 31 (6), E175- E178.
  74. Hirabayashi, S. & Iwamoto, M. (2019). Emotion, respiration, and heart rate variability: a mathematical model and simulation analyses. Appl. Sci., 9, 5008.
  75. Hissein, E. E. & Taha N. M. (2018). Effect of breathing exercises on quality of recovery among postoperative patients. International Journal of Studies in Nursing, 3 (3), 151- 158.
  76. Hodges, P. W. & Gandeva, S. C. (2000). Changes in intra-abdominal pressure during postural and respiratory activation of the human diaphragm. J Appl Physiol, 89, 967- 976.
  77. Hof, W. & De Jong, K. (2017) The way of the Iceman: how the Wim Hof Method Creates radiant, long-term health-using the science and secrets of breath control, cold-training and commitment. USA: Dragon Door Publications, Inc. ISBN-13: 978-1-9428-1209-8.
  78. Homma, I. & Masaoka, Y. (2008). Breathing rhythms and emotions. Exp Physiol, 93, 1011- 1021.doi: 10.113/expphysiol.2008.042424.
  79. Holmes, S. W., Morris, R., Clance, P. R. & Thompson, R. (1996). Holotropic Breathwork: An experiential approach to psychotherapy. Psychother Theor Res Pract Train, 33, 114- 120.
  80. Hornsveld, H., & Garssen, B., Fiedeldij, M. J. C., van Spiegel, P. I. y de Haes, J. C. J. M. (1996). Double-blind placebo-controlled study of the hyperventilation provocation test and the validity of the hyperventilation syndrome. Lancet, 348 (9021), 154-158. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(96)02024-7
  81. Hornsveld, H., & Garssen, B. (1995). Voluntary Hyperventilation: the influence of duration and depth on the development of symptoms. Respiratory Psychophysiology Abstracts.
  82. Howell, J. B. L. (1997). The hyperventilation syndrome: a syndrome under a threat? Thorax,52 (3). S30- s34.
  83. Hölzel, B. K., Lazar, S. W., Gard, T., Schuman-Olivier, Z., Vago, D. R., & Ott, U. (2011). How does mindfulness meditation work? Proposing mechanisms of action from a conceptual and neural perspective. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6 (6), 537–559. doi: 10.1177/1745691611419671.
  84. Hu, L., Sekine, M., Gaina, A., Wang, H. 6 Kagamimori, S. (2007). Nested Case-control study on associations between lung function, smoking, and mortality in Japanese population. Environmental health and preventive medicine, 12, 265-271.
  85. Hunt, M., Rushton, J., Shenberger, E. & Murayama, S. (2018). Positive Effects of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Physiological Stress Reactivity in Varsity Athletes. Journal of clinical sport psychology. doi 10.1123/jcsp.2016-0041.
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  87. Hyun, D., Jin, J. & Hyun, S. (2018). Best core stabilization exercise to facilitate subcortical neuroplasticity: A functional MRI neuroimaging study. Technology and Health Care, 26, 401-407.
  88. Hwang, Y.-S. & Kearney, P. (2015). A Mindfulness Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Mindfulness in Behavioral Health. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-18962-8_2
  89. Ithamar, L. et al. (2018). Abdominal and pelvic floor electromyographic analysis during abdominal hypopressive gymnastics. Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies, 22, 159- 165.
  90. Iyengar, B: K. S. Light on Pranayama: The definitive guide to the art of breathing. London: Thorson. ISBN: 978-0-00-792128-7.
  91. Izuhara, Y., Matsumoto, H., Nagasaki, T., Kanemitsu, Y., Murase, K., Ito, I., Oguma, T., Muro, S., Asai, K., Tabara, Y., Takashi, K., Bessho, K., Sekine, A., Kosugi, S., Yamada, R., Nakayama, T., Matsuda, F., Niimi, A., Chin, K. y Mishima, M. (2016). Mouth breathing, another risk factor for asthma: the Nagahama study. Allergy, 71, 1031- 1036.
  92. James, W. y Hastings, S. (1932). Mouth Breathing and nasal obstruction. The Journal of Laryngology & Otology, 47 (9), 614-631. doi: 10.1017/S0022215100037816.
  93. Jensen, F. B. (2004). Red blood cell pH, the Bohr effect, and other oxygenation- linked phenomena in blood O2 and CO2 transport. Acta Physiol Scand, 182, 215- 227.
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  96. Kannaiah Sellakumar, G. (2015). Effect of slow-deep breathing exercise to reduce anxiety among adolescent school students in a selected higher secondary school in Coimbatore, India. Journal of psychological and educational research, 23 (1), 54-72. doi 10.3390/jcm8020193.
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  98. Kaushik, R., Kaushik, R. M., Mahajan, S. K. & Rajesh, V (2005). Biofeedback assisted diaphragmatic breathing and systematic relaxation versus propranolol in long term prophylaxis of migraine. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 13, 165-174.
  99. Keng, S.L., Smoski, M.J., & Robins, C.J. (2011). Effects of mindfulness on psychological health: a review of empirical studies. Clinical review, 31, 1041-1056. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2011.04.2006
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  102. Key, J. (2013). “The core”: understanding it, and retraining its dysfunction. Journal of bodywork & movement therapies, XX, 1-19.
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  104. Kim, P. Y., Britt, T. W., Klocko, R. P., Riviere, L. A. y Adler, A. B. (2011). Stigma, negative attitudes about treatment, and utilization of mental health care among soldiers. Military Psychology, 23, 65- 81.
  105. Kim, S-T. & Lee, J-H. (2017). The effects of pilates breathing trainings on trunk muscle activation in healthy female subjects: a prospective study. J. Phys. Ther. Sci., 29, 194-197.
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  108. Kotzé, M. (2018). The influence of psychology capital, self-leadership, and mindfulness on work engagement. South African Journal of Psychology, 48, 279-292. doi: 10.1177/0081246317705812
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  110. Kox, M., van Eijk, L.T, Zwaag, J., van den Wildenberg, J., Sweep, F. C. G. J., van der Hoeven, J. G. & Pickkers, P. (2014). Voluntary activation of the sympathetic nervous system and attenuation of the innate immune response in humans. PNAS, 111 (20), 7379- 7384. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1322174111/-/DCSupplemental.
  111. Kozhevnikov, M., Elliott, J, Shephard, J. & Gramann, K. (2013). Neurocognitive and somatic components fo temperature increases during g- Tummo meditation: legend and reality. PLOS ONE, 8 (3), e58244.
  112. Kranser, M. (2004). Mindfulness- Based Interventions: A Coming of Age. Families, Systems, and Health, 22 (2), 207- 212. DOI: 10.1037/1091-7527.22.2.207
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  116. Laghi, F. & Tobin, M. (2003). Disorder of the respiratory muscles. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 168, 10- 48. doi: 10.1164/rccm.2206020
  117. Lalande, L., Bambling, M., King, R. & Lowe R. (2011). Breathwork: An Additional Treatment Option for Depression and Anxiety? The Journal of contemporary Psychotherapy. doi 10.1007/s10879-011-9180-6.
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  119. Lee, S-Y., Guilleminault, C., Chiu, H-Y & Sullivan, S. S. (2015).  Mouth Breathing, “nasal disuse”, and pediatric sleep- disordered breathing. Sleep Breath, 19, 1257-1264. doi: 10.1007/s11325-015-1154-6.
  120. Lehrer, P. M. & Gevirtz, R. (2014). Heart rate variability biofeedback: how and why does it work? Frontiers in Psychology, 5 (756). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00756.
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  122. Lekamwasam, S., Trivedi, D. P. & Khaw, T. (2002). An association between respiratory function and bone mineral density in women from the general community: a cross sectional study. Osteoporos Int, 13, 710- 715.
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